PORTL reinforcer system (video)

This video demonstrates the PORTL reinforcement delivery process. It shows what happens when the correct behavior occurs: – The teacher clicks the clicker. – The learner holds out a hand. – The teacher places a block in the learner’s hand. – The learner places the block in the bowl. – The teacher’s hand returns to … Read more

How to build your own PORTL kit

The following excerpt is from PORTL: The Portable Operant Research and Teaching Lab (pages 12-13).To buy a copy of the PORTL manual or a PORTL kit, visit our Store.For more information about PORTL, please visit our resource page. PORTL requires simple, inexpensive equipment. You will need the following: A collection of at least a dozen … Read more

Reflections about Reinforcement (PDF)

In the 1950s, Dr. Fred Keller wrote a book called Learning: Reinforcement Theory. The size of a small paperback novel, it’s a short book. The whole thing is about 80 pages. However, within its pages, Dr. Keller explains the basics of operant and respondent conditioning, reinforcement, punishment, extinction, intermittent reinforcement, generalization, discrimination, chaining, and more. … Read more

Building duration inside a chain (video)

Adding more duration to a behavior can sometimes be difficult, even for teachers who are good at shaping. When the teacher changes the criteria for reinforcement, the learner may wonder, “Should I do MORE of this same behavior? Or, am I supposed to do a DIFFERENT behavior?” If the learner engages in other behaviors, this … Read more

PORTL research: The power of one reinforcer

At several conferences around 2010, I heard animal trainer Bob Bailey warn about what he calls “desperation-driven clicks.” When training an animal, things don’t always work out the way the trainer planned. What can sometimes happen when things don’t go as planned is that the trainer, out of desperation or frustration, goes ahead and reinforces … Read more

Loading cart ⌛️ ...